Umberalla Stones or kotakkal

Umberalla Stones or kotakkal

  • Kotakkals are found mostly in the laterite areas in districts suches Kozhikode, malappuram and Trissur.
  • Kotakkal: – in the shape of an oversized mushroom which looks like a palm leaf umbrella.


megalithics (9) - Copy copy

  • Umbrella stone consists of an umbrella head, a laterite stone with a wide circular flat base.
  • A stem almost in the shape of a lotus bud vertically divided in to four, that form clinostat.
  • The clinostats beveled an the outside and each of them faces cardinal direction
  • The centre of the clinostats 1 (20)provides some space where some burial remains are sometimes found. Eg:Anakkara excavation.
  • Clinostats join up together into a square at the base of the outside beveled in such a way us to close up along the diagonals the square.
  • Surface of the clinostat is fairly dressed so that figure of monument becomes parabolic.
  • The truncation near the top helps the circular umbrella part to rest on a rather flat surface.

Ariyannur Umbrella stones

megalithics (6)

  • Location
  • Aryannur is situated near choondal south east of kunnamkulam.
  • Features
  • Six umbrella stones in a group 4 are intact 2 are partly broken.
  • Excavations revealed 2 two urns, one small and one large.
  • Bigger urn has the ring chain decoration with parallel symmetrical ends.


There is always something left behind…a twig, fragments of a bangle, a seed, a blossom on the hedges enrolled in the red list.

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