SAAVIRA KADAMBA BASADI, TRIBHUVANATILAKA CHUDAMANI,OR THOUSAND PILLARED BASADI
Moodabidri is a small town 37 kms north east of Mangalore.The word bidira means bamboo suggests widely grown bamboo of these days.Moodu means east..its original name was Vishnu pura or venu pura.the place was also well known for ritual fasting by Jains it was also called Vratapuri.
Karnataka dynasties like Kadamba,Satvahanas,Ganagas were tolerant to other religions. The Karkalla taluk was the main centre of Jains and religious and cultural activities. Moodabidri was one of the centres in Karkalla.There are more than fifteen Jainalays with distinct architectural and sculptural art of Jains.Moodabidri is known as Jain Kashi.
Jain temples were called Basadies after the root word in Sanskrit, vasathi meaning residence.The basadies housed not only the idol of jainTheerthankara,it also provided living quarters for monks.There basadies are sometimes called Chaityas or Chaitalaya Theerthankaras were worshipped along with Yakshis and Yakshans.Though at first the basadies were simple structures , later Hoysala kings and ganga kings started to exercise influence upon the the simple structure.ornamentation in the form of carved pillars , ornate doorways,gilded sculptures was introduced by them.
Moodabidri famous for its old manuscripts and scriptures, ia a living testimony to the antiquity of the jain religion.th the Hosabasadi ,saavira kambada basadi o0rtribhuvana chudamani chaithyalaya or thousand pillared basadi was built on hiugh platform in the traditional rectangular shape.with two upper stories anda ground level structure. It has two passages with massive door ways.the Mahadwara of the inner is passage is magnificient and of considerable size.the door way has complicated carving and is guarded by two dwarapalakas.
as you enter into the courtyard ,,you see themanastahamba which is closely followedby balipita.sacrificial altar.then we reach BHADRADEVI MANDAPA.We call a columned hall mandapa.chitra devi mandapaNamaskara mandapa,thirthankara mandapa. Lakshmi mandapa,Garbha griha mandapa are the halls thatbv leads tosanctum.
the entrance gable has the traditional designs such asbangle clad arms,bells , xancus at the centre of its conical roof.the chaityalaya is protected bythick lararite walls with a crenellated design.
the first phaseof the Basadi was completedin 1430 AD with a sanctum,front hall and a narrow ambu;latory.the saeconds phase saworiginal northern and southern doorways of the navaranga removed andcarved screens were put up in its place
.the intricate carving on the massive dooors suggewst t5h4e Chalukya influence. in 1451 the magnificient bhairadevi mandapa was constructed enclosedwsith a wall and a door. rthe grand mandapa is made in Chaluikya style.it is build on two lkevels and has 48 pillars supporting the massive roof.
Though the pilllars are plain their capitals are carved intricatelythe pillars in Egyptian design really marvellous in ornamenytation.the central ceiling has an inverted lotus medallin.The imagesYakshis are found in the wooden carving.
the images of giraffe and dragon might have been presented byAfrican and Arab traders. the Chathurmukha basadi is a grand sight with its four sided tiled roof, carved massive doors and statues of Jain Theerthankara sthge basadi is apoetry in stone.